In Vitro Maturation (IVM)
While in vitro fertilisation (IVF) procedures are most often used in cases where fertility issues such as damaged or blocked fallopian tubes, severe endometriosis, severe male infertility, advanced age, decreased ovarian function, or other types of unexplained infertility prevent successful pregnancy by natural means, other treatments are also available to address this problem. In vitro maturation is one such procedure that is similar in nature to IVF, but has a number of key differences that make it more suitable for certain patients.
Unlike in IVF procedures, where fully developed eggs are collected from the ovaries of a prospective mother, in vitro maturation (often abbreviated to IVM) involves the collection of eggs before they have reached full maturity. The advantage of this arrangement is that the woman does not need to take as much medication as she would in the case of IVF treatments. This is particularly important for women who are highly susceptible to the side effects of these drugs, such as ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome (OHSS) or those who suffer from polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).
In the IVM process, immature eggs that are collected are allowed to mature in the laboratory with the help of an incubator before being fertilised. The eggs are collected and implanted in much the same way as used in IVF processes. Collection is performed under sedation with the use of a small needle, and eggs are implanted into the uterus with the use of a very thin plastic tube. Both procedures are monitored by ultrasound, are completely painless, and last no more than two hours with no more than a day’s recovery time. While a very new process, IVM has proven to be highly successful.
Cape Town is a number one destination for medical tourism and fertility treatments, offering world-class facilities in a truly unique setting. Medical Tourism SA is proud to be partnered with the best fertility clinics in Cape Town as well as South Africa at large, and is available to facilitate every aspect of your medical procedure as well as your visit to the country.
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